GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidates in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture and post- graduate level subjects in Science. GATE conducted by IISc and IITs has emerged as one of the bench mark tests for engineering and science aptitude in facilitating admissions for higher education (M.Tech./Ph.D.) in IITs, IISc and various other Institutes/ Universities/ Laboratories in India. With the standard and high quality of the GATE examination in 23 disciplines of engineering and science subjects, it identifies the candidate’s understanding of a subject and aptitude and eligibility for higher studies. GATE score is also used by some Public and Private Sector Undertakings for employment processes in India. Direct recruitment to Group ‘A’ level posts i.e., Senior Field Officer (SFO Tele), Senior Research Officer (SRO) (Crypto) and SRO (S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat is now being done on the basis of GATE scores.
Many GATE qualified candidates are paid scholarships/assistantship, especially funded by Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India and by other Ministries. GATE examination provides with a GATE score to all qualified candidates, which is valid for three years, but does not take any responsibility of admission of any candidate to any Institute. GATE is one of the opportunities to make career advancement, and certainly not the only one. Hence, all candidates are advised to study sincerely and perform honestly in this examination, without getting unduly stressed out.
Depending upon the norms adopted by a specific institute or department of the Institute, a candidate may be admitted directly into a course based on his/ her performance in GATE and an admission test/ interview conducted by the department to which he/she has applied and/ or the candidate’s academic record. If the candidate is to be selected through test/ interview for post- graduate programs, a minimum of 70% weightage will be given to the performance in GATE and the remaining 30% weightage will be given to the candidate’s performance in test/ interview and/ or academic record, as per MHRD guidelines. The admitting institutes could however prescribe a minimum passing percentage of marks in the test/ interview. Some colleges /institutes specify GATE qualification as the mandatory requirement even for admission without MHRD scholarship/ assistantship.A valid GATE score is essential for obtaining financial assistance during Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture, and Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science in Institutes supported by the MHRD or other Government agencies. As per the directives of the MHRD, the following procedure is to be adopted for admission to the post-graduate programs (Master’s and Doctoral) with MHRD scholarship/assistantship.
To avail of financial assistance (scholarship), the candidate must first secure admission to a program in these Institutes, by a procedure that could vary from institute to institute. The admitting Institutes may also specify the number of candidates who shall be provided financial assistance (scholarship), if admission is secured. International candidates, similarly may be provided with scholarship/assistantship (all or limited) as per the notification of the admitting Institutes. Qualification in GATE is also a minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations. Candidates are advised to seek complete details of admission procedures and availability of MHRD scholarship/assistantship from the concerned admitting institution. The criteria for postgraduate admission with scholarship/assistantship could be different for different institutions. The management of the post-graduate scholarship/assistantship is also the responsibility of the admitting institution. Similarly, reservation of seats under different categories is as per the policies and norms prevailing at the admitting institution and Government of India rules. GATE offices will not entertain any enquiry about admission, reservation of seats and/or award of scholarship/assistantship.
GATE is administered and conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. The GATE committee, which comprises of representatives from these administering institutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results.
GATE is conducted through the collaboration of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are:
- Zone-1: Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
- Zone-2: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
- Zone-3: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
- Zone-4: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
- Zone-5: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
- Zone-6: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
- Zone-7: Indian Institute of Technology Madras
- Zone-8: Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Candidates with the following eligibility criteria for are eligible to appear in GATE
- Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/ Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
- Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course)
- Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/ 4 years after 10+2)
- Master’s degree in any branch of Science/ Mathematics / Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent
- Post-BSc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering / Technology (Four year program)
- Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering / Technology (Five year program)
- Integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B. S./M. S. program
- B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognized by MHRD/UPSC/AICTE (e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India)
Candidates who are studying in India with Nationality of Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates or other foreign candidates are eligible to write GATE examinations in India or in Centers in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates.